Session 1: Regulation

Moderator: Ang Peng Hwa

Ang Peng Hwa, Associate Professor, Chair of the School of Communication and Information, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.  His research is in the area of internet governance. His 2005 book, Ordering Chaos: Regulating the Internet (Thomson), argues that the internet can be, is being and should be regulated. In 2004, he was appointed by the UN Secretary General to the Working Group on Internet Governance to prepare a report for the 2005 meeting of the World Summit on Information Society. He later helped co-found the Global Internet Governance Academic Network (GigaNet) where he served as inaugural chair. Ang currently serves as chairman of the Asian Media Information and Communication Centre (AMIC). He also sits on the Governing Council of the Mudra Institute of Communication, Ahmedabad in India.

Yu Hong, “Chinese Telecom Operators on the Threshold of Convergence: Possibilities of and Impediments to Innovation”

Yu Hong is an assistant professor in the School of Communication at USC Annenberg. She got her Ph.D. in Communication from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Her research interests include ICTs and development, political economy of global communication, China’s information and communications industry, and information labor.

Benjamin Chiao, “The Path of Internet Regulation in China”

Benjamin Chiao is Associate Professor in the School of Economics at the Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, Research Fellow at the Peking University Guanghua School of Management, and Director of Information Society Group. He obtained his PhD from the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. Previously he was Assistant Professor in the Department of Applied Economics and the Department of Management Science and Information Systems at the Peking University Guanghua School of Management and Research Scientist/Director of Operations at New York University. He is Founding Director of a non-profit organization called Sichuan Teachers and Deputy Secretary General (China Area) of Mutual Help International. He is also Special Representative of the Office for the Vice President of Development at the University of Michigan. His general interests are applied microeconomics, law and economics of information systems and policies, and intellectual property. His specialties are censorship, anti-spam economic mechanisms (one of which was adopted by Netease for its 310 million users), grading mechanisms (he is implementing some adjustable weight grading scheme in Beijing and Shanghai universities) and open-content/source.

Min Jiang, “Peer into the Black Box of Chinese Search Engines: A Comparative Study of Baidu, Google, and Goso”

Dr. Min Jiang is Assistant Professor of Communication at UNC Charlotte and Affiliate Researcher with the Center for Global Communication Studies at the University of Pennsylvania. Her research centers on Chinese Internet, in particular, the intersections of Chinese Internet politics, social activism, media policies, and international relations. Prior to receiving her Ph.D. in Communication, she worked as an international news editor for BTV and CCTV as well as assistant to director for Kill Bill I in Beijing.

Abbas Akhtar, “Peer into the Black Box of Chinese Search Engines: A Comparative Study of Baidu, Google, and Goso”

Abbas is currently a Masters candidate in International Economics and International Relations at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies. After studying computer science as his undergraduate degree, Abbas worked as a Computer Engineer at Apple Computer and Google Inc. Abbas also founded and is the CEO and CTO of, which is Pakistan’s biggest video portal, receiving over 6 million unique hits per month.Abbas’ interests include the use of technology and entrepreneurship to further economic development.

Hongzhe Wang, “Reading a Decennial ‘Wangba’ in China: A Media Discourse Analysis of Chinese Internet Cafe 1999-2009”

Session 2: People Power

Moderator: Hu Yong

Hu Yong is an associate professor at Peking University’s School of Journalism and Mass Communication. Hu Yong is the author of The Internet is King, China’s first book about the impact of the Web. Mr. Hu has worked for a number of media, including Lifeweek, China Daily, China Internet Weekly and China Central Television.

Ashley Esarey, “Communication Power in Chinese Cyberspace”

Ashley Esarey teaches Asian politics, international relations, and political communication at Whitman College in Washington State. He also serves as Associate in Research at Harvard University and Visiting Scholar at the University of Washington’s Jackson School of International Studies. His publications and research concern perceptions of Chinese propaganda, state control of information in the People’s Republic, and the impact of digital forms of communication on Chinese politics. He is writing a book provisionally entitled, Media and Power in China. Esarey majored in Diplomacy and World Affairs at Occidental College in Los Angeles and studied Japanese at Waseda University in Tokyo, prior to receiving Chinese-language training at Taiwan Normal University in Taipei. A former broadcast journalist, he received his PhD degree in political science from Columbia University in New York. As recipient of the Fulbright-Hays Fellowship, Esarey conducted extensive research on media in Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou. Esarey has spoken before the US-China Economic and Security Review Commission and the Congressional Executive Commission on China, the Council on Foreign Relations, and the National Committee on US-China Relations, and given numerous interviews to media, including the Associated Press, MSNBC, and the Chicago Tribune.

Xiao Qiang, “Communication Power in Chinese Cyberspace”

Xiao Qiang is the Founder and Editor-in-Chief of China Digital Times, a bi-lingual China news website, and an adjunct professor at the Graduate School of Journalism, University of California at Berkeley. He is also the Principle Investigator of the Counter-Power Lab, an interdisciplinary faculty-student research group focusing on the intersection of social media, digital activism and Internet freedom, based in the School of Information,UC Berkeley. Xiao is a recipient of the MacArthur Fellowship in 2001, and is profiled in the book  Soul Purpose: 40 People Who Are Changing the World for the Better, (Melcher Media, 2003).

Jennifer Smith, “Impact and Survival in China’s Cyber Environment: as Case Study”

Jennifer Smith (史珍)joined The Carter Center in September 2009 as assistant program coordinator for the China program. She oversees the website and contributes to the China Elections and Governance Review, a quarterly online journal published by the Carter Center’s China Program. Jennifer also assists with program administration, grant writing, and project design. Before joining The Carter Center, Jennifer lived in China for three years, where she obtained a master of arts degree in international relations from the Johns Hopkins University-Nanjing University Center for Chinese and American Studies and studied intensive Chinese language at the Inter-University Program for Chinese Language Studies at Tsinghua University. She also interned at the National Committee on United States-China Relations and volunteered for Mercy Corps and The Five Project. She also holds a bachelor of arts degree in French literature from Reed College.

Yawei Liu, “Impact and Survival in China’s Cyber Environment: as Case Study”

Yawei Liu, Ph.D.,(刘亚伟博士) is director of the China Program and has been a member of numerous Carter Center missions to monitor Chinese village, township, and county people’s congress deputy elections since 1997. He was associate professor of American history at Georgia Perimeter College until December 2008.  Dr. Liu has written extensively on China’s political developments and grassroots democracy, including three edited book series: “Rural Election and Governance in Contemporary China” (Northwestern University Press, Xi’an, 2002 and 2004), “The Political Readers” (China Central Translation Bureau Press, Beijing, 2006) and “Elections & Governance” (Northwest Unviersity Press, Xian, 2009). He is the founder and editor of the China elections and governance website Dr. Liu is also co-author of the popular Chinese book “Obama: The Man Who Will Change America” (October 2008). He earned his bachelor’s degree in English literature from Xi’an Foreign Languages Institute (1982), master’s degree in recent American history from the University of Hawaii (1989), and doctorate in American political and diplomatic history from Emory University (1996). Dr. Liu has written numerous articles on China’s political developments and grassroots democracy and is the editor of the China Elections and Governance website.

Cara Wallis, “Parody and the Gendering of China’s Online Censorship Protest Culture”

Cara Wallis, Ph.D., is an assistant professor of media studies in the Department of Communication at Texas A&M University. Her research focuses on the social and cultural implications of new media technologies in China. She is interested in how the use of new media technologies is connected to multiple axes of identity, sociality, and forms of individual and collective agency as well as how such usage is shaped by multiple discourses and power relations. Her work is informed by critical/cultural studies, feminist theory, and theories of the social shaping of technology. Her forthcoming book, Mobile Bodies, Mobile Technologies (NYU Press), examines the use of new media, especially mobile phones, by young rural-to-urban migrant women working in the low-level service sector in Beijing.

Jing Zhao, “Online Competition between Media Corporations and Grassroots Fans”

Jing (Jamie) Zhao is a first-year Master student in the Graduate program of Media Studies at University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. She is originally from Beijing, the capital of China. Her research centers on transnational communication between China and America. Most of her studies emphasize the influence Chinese grassroots publics exert on today’s globally convergent culture. She received her Bachelor Degree of Arts in the field of Film and TV studies with specializations in media production, critique, and analysis. Her current specific interests include online cross-cultural fandom, grassroots culture, social media, virtual cultural sphere, convergent media and culture, new media literacy, civic engagement, and marginalized culture and groups of people in the age of new media.

Session 3: The Internet & Diplomacy

Moderator: Paula R. Newberg

Dr. Paula R. Newberg is the Marshall B. Coyne Director of the Institute for the Study of Diplomacy (ISD).  A scholar and practitioner with wide-ranging experience in multilateral and nongovernmental organizations, Dr. Newberg specializes in issues of democracy, human rights, and development in crisis and transition states, and has served as a Special Advisor to the United Nations in various regions, including multiple postings in Afghanistan.  Dr. Newberg was a senior associate position at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where she co-founded its Democracy Project and chaired the South Asia Roundtable, and was a Guest Scholar at the Brookings Institution. A former foundation executive, Dr. Newberg taught at the School of International and Public Affairs at Columbia University for many years, and publishes extensively on issues including law and constitutionalism in Pakistan, insurgency and human rights in Kashmir, and international assistance to war-torn Afghanistan. A graduate of Oberlin College, Newberg received her doctorate in political science from the University of Chicago.

Participant: Michael Nelson

Michael R. Nelson is a visiting professor in the Communication, Culture and Technology program at Georgetown University. Prior to joining the Georgetown faculty, Professor Nelson was Director of Internet Technology and Strategy at IBM, where he managed a team helping define and implement IBM’s Next Generation Internet strategy. Until recently, he served as the Internet Society’s Vice President for Public Policy. He recently became Chairman-Elect of the Technology Section of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and a Trustee of the Institute for International Communications.  Prior to joining IBM in July, 1998, Professor Nelson was Director for Technology Policy at the Federal Communications Commission, where he helped craft policies to foster electronic commerce, spur development and deployment of new technologies, and improve the reliability and security of the nation’s telecommunications networks.  Before joining the FCC in January, 1997, he was Special Assistant for Information Technology at the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy where he worked with Vice President Gore and the President’s Science Advisor on issues relating to the Global Information Infrastructure, including telecommunications policy, information technology, encryption, electronic commerce, and information policy.  From 1988 to 1993, Professor Nelson served as a professional staff member for the Senate’s Subcommittee on Science, Technology, and Space, chaired by then-Senator Gore. He was the lead Senate staffer for the High-Performance Computing Act.  He has a B.S. in geology from Caltech, and a Ph.D. in geophysics from MIT.

Participant: Shanthi Kalathil

Ms. Kalathil is currently acting as a consultant to the Communication for Governance & Accountability Program (CommGAP). Shanthi is an expert on media, civil society, and political transitions. Previously, she was a Senior Democracy Fellow based in the Office of Democracy and Governance at the U.S. Agency for International Development, where she served as an advisor on civil society and independent media development for Washington-based programs and planning, as well as for various USAID missions around the world. Her 2003 co-authored book, Open Networks, Closed Regimes: The Impact of the Internet on Authoritarian Rule, examined the political effect of the Internet on eight authoritarian and semi-authoritarian countries. She holds a B.A. in Communications from U.C. Berkeley and a M.Sc. in Comparative Politics from the London School of Economics and Political Science. Shanthi is particularly interested in issues of voice and accountability and their impact on political transitions. Selected publications of Ms. Kalathil include: Open Networks, Closed Regimes: The Impact of the Internet on Authoritarian Rule, with Taylor C. Boas (Carnegie, 2003); “Community and Communalism in the Information Age,” Brown Journal of World Affairs (Spring 2002); and “Chinese Media and the Information Revolution,” Harvard Asia Quarterly (Winter 2002).

Session 4: Development

Moderator: Peter Yu

Peter K. Yu (余家明) holds the Kern Family Chair in Intellectual Property Law and is the founding director of the Intellectual Property Law Center at Drake University Law School.  He is also a Wenlan Scholar Chair Professor at Zhongnan University of Economics and Law in Wuhan, China.  In the summers, he serves as Visiting Professor of Law at the University of Hong Kong Faculty of Law.  Before joining Drake University, he founded the nationally-renowned Intellectual Property & Communications Law Program at Michigan State University, at which he held faculty appointments in law, communication arts and sciences, and Asian studies.  Born and raised in Hong Kong, Professor Yu is a leading expert in international intellectual property and communications law.  A prolific scholar and an award-winning teacher, he is the author or editor of three books and more than 50 law review articles and book chapters.

Weiyu Zhang, “Internet studies and development: The cases of China and India”


Han-Teng Liao, “Linguistic Networked Readiness Index for Selected Languages in China”

Han-Teng Liao is the Yahoo! Fellow at the Institute for the Study of Diplomacy. He is also a doctoral student at the Oxford Internet Institute (OII), University of Oxford, Han-Teng Liao studies the two major user-contributed online Chinese encyclopedias, Chinese Wikipedia and Baidu Baike.  Recognizing the general Enlightenment impulse for peace in encyclopedia projects, he compares how various wars are managed in these two cases: military wars that had erupted in the last century, media and information wars that have persisted since the Cold War, flame wars between Internet users, and edit wars among contributors.  His preliminary findings show two increasingly segregated spheres: Chinese-written Internet and China’s Internet. He holds an MSc in Computer Science and Information Engineering, an MA in Journalism, a BSc in Electrical Engineering and a BA in Foreign Languages and Literatures, all from the National Taiwan University.

April Nigh, “Linguistic Networked Readiness Index for Selected Languages in China”

April Nigh is a Yahoo! Junior Fellow at the Institute for the Study of Diplomacy. She is pursuing a Master of Science in Foreign Service at Georgetown University, concentrating in international relations and security. Previously, she spent over seven years in Beijing, China working for environmental conservation and education not-for-profit organizations including the Jane Goodall Institute China, WWF China, and Junior Achievement China. She is interested in the evolution of civil society in China, as well as China’s role in global natural resource security. April holds a B.A. from Hamline University in Anthropology and East Asian Studies.

Eric Harwit, “Comparative Development of the Mobile Internet in China and Japan: Key Trends Shaping the Technology’s Growth and Popular Use”

Eric Harwit is a Professor of Asian Studies at the University of Hawaii. He has a B.A. from Cornell University and a Ph.D. in political science from the University of California at Berkeley, as well as a diploma from the University of International Business and Economics in Beijing. He has lived in China several years since his first year of language study in Beijing in 1982, and speaks fluent Mandarin Chinese. Harwit is the author of many books and articles on industrial development in China. His most recent book is China’s Telecommunications Revolution (Oxford University Press, 2008). The book chronicles the remarkable changes in China’s telecommunications and Internet sectors in recent years. He is currently researching Chinese telecommunications investment and expansion strategies in South and Southeast Asia. Harwit, a frequent speaker at international conferences, has been cited in Time magazine, Businessweek, The Economist, Asian Wall Street Journal, National Public Radio, and other print and broadcast media outlets.

Dong Han, “Who Wants Copyright and Does it Deliver Freedom”

Dong Han recently defended his doctoral dissertation in communications at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He will join the faculty of communication at Eastern New Mexico University in August. He is interested in media law and industry, television and new media, as well as international communication.  His doctoral dissertation studies copyright and Chinese communication industry, examining the mutually constitutive relations between intellectual property law and cultural production practices. His publications include articles in Ethnic and Racial Studies and Chinese Journal of Communication, as well as a book chapter in New Racial Missions of Policing: International Perspectives on Evolving Law-Enforcement Politics (ed. Paul Amar). Before entering the University of Illinois, Dong worked as a legal consultant for China Central Television for five years (1999-2004), where he took the lead on intellectual property management and worked solo on international legal affairs.

Session 5: Human Rights & China

Moderator: Dr. Paula R. Newberg

Participant: Sophie Richardson

Sophie Richardson is the advocacy director of Human Rights Watch’s Asia Division and oversees the organization’s work on China. Her book on Chinese foreign policy is forthcoming from Columbia University Press, and she has also published on domestic Chinese political reform, democratization, and human rights in Cambodia, China, Hong Kong, and the Philippines. Her publications have appeared in the Far Eastern Economic Review, La Libre Belgique, the Japan Times, JoongAng Daily, the Journal of Asian Studies, The Nation (Bangkok), The Phnom Penh Post, and The Wall Street Journal, and she has provided commentary to Al Jazeera, the BBC, CNN, The Guardian, National Public Radio, and The New York Times. A graduate of the University of Virginia and Oberlin College, Dr. Richardson speaks Mandarin Chinese.

Participant: Daniel J. Kritenbrink

Daniel J. Kritenbrink is Acting Deputy Assistant Secretary for East Asian and Pacific Affairs at the U.S. Department of State, responsible for relations with China, Mongolia, and Taiwan. Immediately prior to his current position, Mr. Kritenbrink was Director of the Office of Chinese and Mongolian Affairs. Prior to that, Mr. Kritenbrink served at the U.S. Embassy in Beijing as Chief of the Political Section’s Internal Unit. Since joining the State Department Foreign Service in 1994, Mr. Kritenbrink has served overseas in Tokyo (1994-95), Sapporo (1995-97), Kuwait (1997-99), Tokyo (2000-04), and Beijing (2005-2009). He also served as Staff Assistant to the Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs in Washington, DC (1999-2000). Mr. Kritenbrink’s foreign languages are Chinese and Japanese. He holds a B.A. from the University of Nebraska and an M.A. from the University of Virginia. He and his wife Nami have two children.

Session 6: Social Media

Moderator: Rebecca MacKinnon

Rebecca MacKinnon is a Bernard L. Schwartz Senior Fellow at the New America Foundation, where she conducts research, writing and advocacy on global Internet policy, free expression, and the impact of digital technologies on human rights. She is one of the world’s leading experts on Chinese Internet censorship. Her first book, Consent of the Networked: A Citizen’s guide to the World-wide Struggle for Internet Freedom, will be published in January 2012 by Basic Books. MacKinnon is cofounder of Global Voices Online (, a global citizen media network. She also serves on the Boards of Directors of the Committee to Protect Journalists and the Global Network Initiative. ( Fluent in Mandarin Chinese, MacKinnon worked as a journalist for CNN in Beijing for nine years, serving as CNN’s Beijing Bureau Chief and Correspondent from 1998-2001 and then as CNN’s Tokyo Bureau Chief and Correspondent from 2001-03. From 2004-06 she was a Research Fellow at Harvard’s Berkman Center for Internet and Society, where she began her ongoing research and writing about the Chinese Internet in addition to launching Global Voices Online. In 2007-08 she taught online  journalism at the University of Hong Kong’s Journalism and Media Studies Centre. In 2009 she conducted research and writing as an Open Society Institute Fellow, and in the Spring of 2010 she was a Visiting Fellow at Princeton’s Center or Information Technology Policy. MacKinnon received her AB magna cum laude from Harvard College and was a Fullbright scholar in Taiwan in 1991-92.

Kingwa Fu, “Power of retweeting during mass incident in China”

Dr. King-wa Fu (傅景華) is Research Assistant Professor at the Journalism and Media Studies Centre (JMSC), The University of Hong Kong. His research focuses on political participation and media use, computational journalism, mental health/suicide and the media, health communication, young people’s Internet use, and statistics for journalism. He has a PhD from the JMSC, a MA in Social Sciences and a MPhil in Engineering from the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. He obtained an undergraduate degree in Engineering from HKU. He was a journalist at the Hong Kong Economic Journal. His CV can be found here:

Elaine Yuan, “Community in modern societies: A culturalist critique of “online community” in new media studies”

Elaine J. Yuan, (Ph.D. Northwestern University), is an Assistant Professor in the Communication Department at the University of Illinois at Chicago and an affiliate researcher at the Web Mining Lab at the City University of Hong Kong. Her research interests include social and political implications of the new media in China, media convergence, and audience fragmentation and polarization. Currently she is researching issues of online community, privacy, online journalism within comparative cultural and multiple modernities frameworks. Her recent publications include a variety of topics in these areas such as online discourse practices on the Chinese Internet and the structuration of China’s national television market.

Kun Fang, “[Tibetan College Students’ Sharing Behavoirs in] 重构传统与多元身份 ——“人人网”藏族大学生”

Fang Kun, Tibetan, Born in Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in China. The Chahar Institute Researcher (CHINA). M.A. candidate 2011 of Peking University(PKU), School of Journalism and Communication, with specialty on “New Media and Society” Title of MA dissertation: Network Society, Cross-ethnic Communication and Civic Expression – Tibetan Youth Communication Analysis. I was also accepted in 2008 in the joint program of”2008 Human rights master program” by school of law, PKU & Lund University Sweden. The master of “Course: Topics in Modern Chinese Thought” , Professor Wang Hui, Institute for Advanced Historical and Social Research, Renmin University of China. In May 2008, I founded the “Interdisciplinary group on Tibet of Peking University “. So far nearly 20 students have participated in the research. They are MA and PhD students from Peking University, Hong Kong University, Tsinghua University, Central Minzu University and Lanzhou University. Their majors include anthropology, religious studies, journalism and others. We have conducted various activities for a year’s preparation, such as focus reading, online discussion,regular lectures and salons. In 2009, the group did field research at Amdo and U-Tsang and published a report “An investigative report into the social and economic causes of the 3.14 incident in Tibetan areas” , which has aroused much attention, it was cited by “TIME” and other media. Volunteer for Chinese NGO – Gongmeng Law Research Center (2007-2008), Volunteer for The Lawyer & Journalist salon(2008-2009).

Richard L. Lanigan, “Netizen communicology: china daily and the internet construction of group culture”

Richard L. Lanigan, B.A. (Majors: Communicology and Philosophy, University of New Mexico, USA 1967), M.A. (Major: Communicology; Minor, Philosophy, UNM 1968), Ph.D. (Major: Communicology; Minor: Philosophy, School of Communication, Southern Illinois University, USA 1969). Currently he is University Distinguished Scholar and Professor of Communicology (Emeritus) at Southern Illinois University, USA. He is Executive Director and Fellow, International Communicology Institute, an internet research group, ( located in suburban Washington, DC, USA. He is a past Vice President of the International Association for Semiotic Studies. He served as a Senior Fulbright Fellow (P.R. China 1996, Cross-Cultural Communication) at Sichuan Union University in Chengdu City; Senior Fulbright Program Specialist (Canada 2007, Intercultural Communication) at Brock University.  He is an elected Fellow of the International Academy for Intercultural Research.  He is an elected member of the American Philosophical Association. He was the founding Chair of the Philosophy of Communication Division (#10) of the International Communication Association (at the First World Congress on Communication Science, Berlin, Germany, 1977; re-elected Chair in 1978, 1979, 1980). Awards include: Phi Kappa Phi Outstanding Scholar Award 1999, National Communication Association (USA) Spotlight on Scholarship Award 1995, Delta Award for Scholarship, Southern Illinois University 1988. His published books include: Speaking and Semiology (Mouton 1972; 2nd ed. 1991); Speech Act Phenomenology (Martinus Nijhoff 1977); Semiotic Phenomenology of Rhetoric (University Press of America 1984); Phenomenology of Communication (Duquesne University Press 1988); The Human Science of Communicology (Duquesne University Press 1992). He has authored 40 book chapters, 35 print and 22 electronic journal articles, and has presented 130 invited public lectures in some 25 countries.

Lunch Conversation: Internet Freedom

Moderator: James P. Seevers

James P. Seevers is Director of Studies and Training at Georgetown’s Institute for the Study of Diplomacy. He also directs the Georgetown Leadership Seminar (GLS) at the School of Foreign Service. In addition, he teaches at the graduate level in the School of Foreign Service, designs and carries out training programs for foreign diplomats, and conducts international negotiation and crisis simulations for Georgetown students at campuses in Washington, D.C. and Doha, Qatar. For fifteen years prior to joining the Institute in 2005, Mr. Seevers was a State Department foreign service officer, gaining wide-ranging foreign policy experience through his work on South Asia, Europe, Southeast Asia, Latin America and Capitol Hill. He served as a political officer in Indonesia during its 1996-99 democratic transition, participated in U.N.-led efforts to reunify Cyprus during 2001-03, and worked from 2003-05 on enhancing the U.S.-India strategic partnership. Mr. Seevers’ extensive congressional experience includes working on foreign and national security policy in the Senate and the Congressional Research Service and as a State Department liaison officer to Capitol Hill. Mr. Seevers holds a Master of Arts in Law and Diplomacy from the Fletcher School at Tufts University and a Bachelor of Arts from Tufts University.

Participant: Sarah Labowitz

Office of the Coordinator for Cyber Issues (S/CCI), Department of State

Participant: Sarah Cook

Sarah Cook is an Asia Research Analyst at Freedom House and Assistant Editor for the Freedom on the Net index, a recently published assessment of internet and digital media freedom in 37 countries. Her research has covered human rights and media developments in East Asia, Indochina, and the Middle East. Her comments and writings have appeared on CNN, The International Herald Tribune, the Taipei Times, and the Far Eastern Economic Review/. Before joining Freedom House, she co-edited the English translation of A China More Just, a memoir by prominent rights attorney Gao Zhisheng, and was twice a delegate to the United Nations Human Rights Commission meeting in Geneva for an NGO working on religious freedom in China. She has presented the findings of her research at academic conferences, the National Endowment for Democracy, and the Congressional-Executive Commission on China. She holds an M.Sc. in Middle East Politics and an LL.M. in Public International Law from the School of Oriental and African Studies in London, where she was a Marshall Scholar.